20 Ideas for Sweet Potato Varieties. First cultivated in 1949. Agricultural experiment stations are usually operated by a government agency and/or a university. Sweet Potato Varieties. A guide to common supermarket sweet potato varieties to know and love. People grow sweet potato in many parts of the world, including New Zealand, Australia, the Philippines, Japan, Hawaii, China, and North America. Jewels have light orange skin, and are less intensely sweet than Beauregards, but can be used in many of the same recipes. It is also not tolerant to water logging which can cause tuber rot. While some sweet potatoes are dense, starchy, and creamy, others are more watery when cooked, with a stringier texture. Bioactive carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, carotenoids, anthocyanins, conjugated phenolic acids, and minerals represent versatile nutrients in different parts (tubers, leaves, stems, and stalks) of sweet potato. Yields 400-500 bushels per acre. Unlike most other sweet potatoes, this Japanese variety has drier flesh. “Flavor was not the primary goal for the production of these varieties.” That doesn’t mean that Beauregard, jewel, and garnet sweet potatoes don’t serve their purpose in all sorts of recipes, but compared to some other varieties, their flavors and textures are mild. Speckled purple sweet potatoes are named for their flecked magenta flesh. ).The most common varieties in the U.S. are the Beauregard (the most widely grown cultivar), the jewel, and the garnet (also sometimes known as red yams). Yellow skin with white flesh. Does not crack. Most of the sweet potatoes produced in the U.S. are either Beauregard or Jewell (see descriptions of these and some other popular sweetpotato varieties in chart below). Most of the popular varieties are the moist-fleshed types; these types convert more starch to sugar during cooking, making them sweeter to eat. All products linked here have been independently selected by our editors. Whether its orange or white flesh, red or white skin, or even Japanese, you can order anything you need from Scott Farms. Their flesh is slightly stringier and more juicy than some other varieties when cooked, so they're good for mashing and incorporating into baked goods and desserts. I don’t know about you, but personally, I wish I could try them all! While most sweet potato packer/shippers offer one or two varieties to their commercial customers, Scott Farms offers six varieties, each with its own unique appearance and taste. Sweet potatoes may be associated with the southern U.S., but they will grow in just about any garden. Growing sweet potatoes can require a lot of space however, with the use of containers and compact varieties any gardener is able to grow their own. Sweet Potato Plant Slips. Because of their denseness, these sweet potatoes take longer than some other varieties to cook, but the wait is well worth it. Sweet potatoes actually belong to the morning glory family, Convolvulaceae (that means lots of pretty flowers! One of the most interesting varieties of sweet potatoes from Asia is the Murasaki sweet potato from Japan. Purple – Also known as the Stokes Purple Sweet Potato. Most sweet potatoes are grown for food, with varieties such as Japanese, Garnet, Jewel Beauregard, and Covington all grown to suit different growing areas, light and temperature requirements, and of course, taste! The part we eat is the tuberous root of a vining plant that is closely related to morning glories (Ipomoea tricolor) and youll easily see the similarity in leaves to the sweet potato vines we now grow as ornamentals. Instead, you'll find plenty of sweet potato varieties mislabeled as yams. Sweet Potato Varieties. This chart provides skin colors and flesh colors for over 100 sweet potato varieties. I roast them in a scorching-hot oven—though science (and our culinary team) advises against this—until the skin turns to a crinkly leather and the interior is a gooey, steaming mess of bubbling sugars and chewy flesh. Sweet Potato Varieties There are two basic types of sweet potatoes: moist- and dry-fleshed. But while most Americans are comfortable with the two or three shades of sweet potato they’re familiar with, they might avoid some of the tastiest varieties for lack of familiarity. seedling, University of Georgia AES; California AES, Okla. 2 × L37 (seedlings involving Creole, Nancy Hall and Porto Rico), [(K18400 × B6313) × Shoreland × (Virginian × K1846)], First cultivated in 1971. Sweet potato requires soils with a ph of 5.6- 6.6. On the bright side, this means you're highly unlikely to accidentally purchase a yam at your local supermarket.  As of 2013, there are approximately 7,000 sweet potato cultivars. Varieties of Sweet Potato Here are some common sweet potato types: Covington – Rosy skin with deep orange flesh. Keep in mind that because these sweet potatoes are quite dense, they shouldn't be substituted in recipes that call for orange sweet potatoes, as the baking times and moisture levels won't line up. Flavors of Oakland: A Cookbook in 20 Stories, A Guide to Clam Types and What to Do With Them, The Truth About Mustard Oil: Behind the "For External Use Only" Label. 3 varieties of sweet potatoes of our choosing from our listed and unlisted collections. Garnet – Deep Red to purple skin with bright orange flesh. I eat them cold for breakfast the next morning, by which time they've developed a wonderful custard-like texture. I’ve shed sugar from my diet for months, and taken long (okay, long-ish) breaks from drinking. Storage roots are longer than Covington but straighter than Beauregard. Yams are any of various tropical species of the genus Dioscorea. It features beautiful dark-purple skin and pale yellow flesh than darkens as it cooks. The more orange the flesh of a sweet potato root is, the more nutritious carotene it has. There are hundreds of sweet potato varieties that can be divided into five (5) basic types: Orange skin with orange flesh. Cultivated in 1973. The first table below has a general description of the color of the root's flesh and skin. Can you tell your jewels from your garnets? (Humans metabolize carotene into vitamin A.) Theresa Arnold. Being high in moisture these sweet potatoes are great for mashed dishes as well as being used in cakes, pies and breads. Sweet potatoes actually belong to the morning glory family, Convolvulaceae (that means lots of pretty flowers! Flesh Color: orange flesh with an intensity similar to Beauregard. Sweet potatoes are in the plant family Convolvulaceae (morning glory) Ipomoea batatas potato, Solanaceae (nightshade) S. tuberosum. Start low and slow in the oven and finish at 500°F for the juiciest, most flavorful, evenly cooked prime rib roast. Similar to Porto Rico. [Photograph: Shutterstock] We love satsuma sweet potatoes for their creamy, starchy texture and nuanced nutty-sweet flavor. The orange-fleshed types, typically have a higher sugar and vitamin A and lower dry matter content. For starters, a sweet potato isn't a potato at all, meaning it's not a member of the Solanum tuberosum potato family from which French fries, mashed potatoes, and latkes are made; their composition of simple sugars and complex starches are quite different. ", "Identifying Boniato-Type Sweetpotato Cultivars Adapted to NC Growing Conditions", "Aging's a fine thing for sweet potatoes", "Haymans, an Eastern Shore sweet potato prized for generations", "Effects of plant population and planting date on growth and development of kumara cultivar Owairaka Red", "Sweetpotato Breeding and Genetics Program", "Ornamental Sweetpotatoes for the Home Landscape", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_sweet_potato_cultivars&oldid=990402179, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, (Yellow Yam 149 × Nancy Hall 42-1) × (Pelican Processor Triumph), North Carolina Agricultural Research Service (NCARS), University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station (Tifton, Georgia), (Mameyita × seedling L-4-6) × (seedling L-5 × Triumph), open-pollinated seedling of Regal polycrossed in 1981 to 29 other parental selections, Skin color is slightly lighter than that of Jewel, Georgia AES; US Vegetable Laboratory (USDA ARS), Commonly called "yams" in the United States to distinguish them from O'Henry sweet potatoes, (Mameyita × Seedling L4-6) × (Seedling L-5 × Triumph). Resistant to white grubs and soil rot. Its large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots are a root vegetable. White-fleshed sweet potatoes like the Hannah were some of the first to be farmed and eaten in America. They have a slight nuttiness, and take well to steaming or roasting in cubes alongside other root vegetables. Darby – Deep red skin, deep orange flesh, vigorous vines. However, it still has a sweet nutty taste that is common to all types of sweet potato. Comments can take a minute to appear—please be patient! The first table below lists sweet potato cultivars grown for their edible roots; the second table lists cultivars bred as ornamental vines. I've long believed that the sweet potato is a perfect food—it's filling, flavorful, easy to make, and, according to the internet, relatively nutritious. This list of sweet potato cultivars provides some information about varieties and cultivars of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). Okinawa sweet potatoes, also known by their Japanese name, beni-imo, have unremarkable off-white or dusty purple skins, but once you slice into them, you're greeted by a rich and vibrant purple flesh rarely seen in nature. There, cultivars like Beauregard, … Over the course of my years of near-religious sweet potato consumption, I've bought pretty much every shape and shade of sweet potato on grocery store shelves. Just below the chart you will find an invitation to submit any information you know about other popular varieties of sweet potatoes. No matter how you cook a sweet potato, it’s important to note that there are numerous varieties with different GIs. Standard hybrid sweet potatoes sold in supermarkets and grown on an industrial scale aren't the only options for … These sweet potatoes are much denser than most of the orange varieties, and starchier, too. Orleans. Varieties of Sweet Potatoes. Sweet potato was first domesticated in the Americas more than 5,000 years ago. These orange-fleshed sweet potatoes pack a lot of moisture, and take well to boiling, baking, and making into casseroles. In addition to being sweet and flavorful, they retain their lovely orange hue even after baking. The sweet potato geeks of the world may be fascinated to know that the International Potato Center in Peru maintains a gene bank consisting of over 6,500 varieties of sweet potato. Sweet Potato Mix, 3 Varieties, 6 Slips. Hannahs are dense, firm, and creamy, and much less prone to becoming waterlogged than orange sweet potatoes. When it comes to making a homemade 20 Ideas for Sweet Potato Varieties, this recipes is always a favorite Roast these up with a few of your favorite root veggies for a colorful side dish. He’s the author of Flavors of Oakland: A Cookbook in 20 Stories, a book about home cooks and their food cultures. Sweet potato varieties range in color from dark red to brown to purple to orange-yellow to white. That's thanks to early 20th-century Southern farmers, who began using "yam" to refer to the newer, orange-fleshed varieties of sweet potatoes they were cultivating, as a way to differentiate their product from the white-fleshed sweet potatoes Americans were already familiar with. All the benefits of sous vide cooking, paired with deep, roasty flavors and extra-crispy skin to satisfy a crowd. All the varieties described below are technically sweet potatoes, though they’re often called yams. Like the Hannah, Okinawa sweet potatoes are denser than orange varieties. ).The most common varieties in the U.S. are the Beauregard (the most widely grown cultivar), the jewel, and the garnet (also sometimes known as red yams). People breed sweet potatoes mainly either for food (their nutritious storage roots) or for their attractive flowering vines. LSU AgCenter, All, All. Find him on Instagram: e_zar. Unlike orange sweet potatoes, you don't have to worry about satsuma-imo getting soggy or waterlogged as they cook. The crop is sensitive to drought at tuber initiation stage (5060 days after - planting). This is the most common sweet potato variety in American grocery stores, and the one you'll find at pretty much every market. In the mid-20th century, sweet potato growers in the Southern United States began marketing orange-fleshed sweet potatoes as "yams", in an attempt to differentiate them from pale-fleshed sweet potatoes. Purple skin with purple flesh. Red skin with orange flesh. When finished, they'll be creamy, smooth, and rich. Sweet Potato Varieties; Sweet Potato Variety Descriptions; Sweet Potato Variety Descriptions. The skin of a sweet potato root is a different color than the flesh. Real yams are native to Asia and Africa, and have scaly brown skin surrounding very starchy white flesh. They’re not nearly as sweet as sweet potatoes and take best to boiling and slow braising. If you see something not so nice, please, report an inappropriate comment.
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